This new policy proscription can be seen in two primary ways. Created by. When Kennedy took office, he opted for a 'flexible response'. However, the Truman Doctrine did not specify what American defense priorities should be, and in principle, it committed the country to endless wars. The Cold War contained an international order, which detente was an attempt to 'extend and codify': the superpowers aimed at strategic stability through deterrence, with alliances to reduce the risk of miscalculation by containing problems, and mutual recognition of spheres of influence signalled 'tacit codes of conduct'. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Log in here for access. Why did Richard Nixon want to improve relations with China? The Reader’s Companion to American History. There is still ongoing debate among historians as to how successful the détente period was in achieving peace. Détente marked a shift in Cold War policy under President Nixon. When Eisenhower took office, he removed U.S. troops from Korea and began a buildup of America's nuclear arsenal in place of conventional weapons and ground forces. Test. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Positive Learning Environments in Physical Education, Curriculum Development for Physical Education, Creating Routines & Schedules for Your Child's Pandemic Learning Experience, How to Make the Hybrid Learning Model Effective for Your Child, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning, Safety Rules & Procedures for P.E. To remedy this situation, Nixon announced the Nixon Doctrine, whereby the U.S. would scale back its military commitments and pass more responsibility onto its allies. Both countries stood to gain if trade could be increased and the danger of nuclear warfare reduced. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The Soviets were prepared to come to an agreement on arms control as a reduction in arms spending would have economic and social benefits for the Soviet leadership. In a cold-war environment, everything moves on the level of a cheap western. STUDY. Copyright © 1991 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. It was designed to relax tensions with the Soviet Union, reduce nuclear arsenals, and limit military commitments. Détente (pronounced day-tont) is a word that means less tension and a better relationship between two countries.. The leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union, Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev, hoped to forge a new relationship between East and West. Incredibly, Nixon had pulled off what no U.S. president had done in over twenty years. All Rights Reserved. Write. Eric Foner and John A. Garraty, Editors. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (55) What does détente mean? Nixon's policy of détente - a French word meaning 'release from tensions' - marked a crossroads in American foreign policy and a timely commitment to reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions. Détente marked a shift in Cold War policy under President Nixon. The period was characterized by the signing of treaties such as SALT I and the Helsinki Accords. Quiz & Worksheet - Who is Francis Nurse in The Crucible? In Europe, this could be seen even in Germany. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. . However, this policy enabled the escalation of the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam conflict, which President Johnson plunged the U.S. into, vastly overextending America's reach. Détente and Deterrence in the Cold War Nelson. The Truman Doctrine, for example, was a U.S. pledge to support any nation struggling against communist aggression. PLAY. 's' : ''}}. In addition, Nixon–a candidate for reelection–was under fire at home from those demanding social change, racial equality, and an end to the Vietnam War. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? In May 1972, Nixon made the first of two visits to Moscow to meet with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev for treaty talks. Previous administrations had struggled with how best to manage U.S.-Soviet tensions. Flashcards. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. About Détente. While their ideological and economic systems rendered them incompatible, both acknowledged the need for negotiation, compromise and working together. Détente (a French word meaning release from tension) is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that began tentatively in … Get access risk-free for 30 days, Anyone can earn Visit the AP World History: Tutoring Solution page to learn more. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Match. In the context of the Cold War, détente (the French word for “relaxation”) was an easing of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? All rights reserved. Détente was characterized by warm personal relationships between US president Richard Nixon (1969–1974) and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev (1964–1982). Though he largely pursued a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West, the Cuban Missile Crisis began after he positioned nuclear weapons 90 miles from ...read more, An arms race occurs when two or more countries increase the size and quality of military resources to gain military and political superiority over one another. Détente connotes different things to different states (and states… Detente Facts - 2: During the 1960s and the 1970s, there were signs of a thawing of relationships between the United States and the Soviet Union in the ongoing Cold War (1945 - 1991). This détente took several forms, including increased discussion on arms control. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Cold War, by CNN Perspectives. In that sense détente has always been with us. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! STUDY. Confronted with the evidence of his nation’s espionage, ...read more, During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. … Second, the U.S.S.R. had reached parity with the U.S. in its nuclear arsenal, and it made sense to reduce these stockpiles to reduce tensions. Spell. Détente was a period in which Cold War tensions eased between the Soviet Union and the United States from the late 1960s to 1979. Lastly, Nixon sought to replace American military commitments with financial and military aid. On May 22 Nixon became the first U.S. president to visit Moscow. Hope détente with USSR and China would put pressure on North Vietnam to end the war; China’s reasons for Détente. While there is no denying the significance of the United States and the Soviet Union in the shaping of Europe’s fortunes in the 1960s and 1970s, détente … . 1972-91. Select a subject to preview related courses: Nixon's China strategy worked, and the Soviet Union reached out to Nixon. These historic meetings ended with reopening China to the United States and a promise to restore full diplomatic relations, which was finalized under President Carter. Summit III, in June 1974, was the least productive; by then, the salt talks had ground to a halt, several commercial agreements had been blocked in Congress because of Soviet treatment of Jews, and the Watergate investigation was approaching a climax. Quiz & Worksheet - Détente in the Cold War, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events, United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects, The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects, Muslim and Hindu Conflict in India and the Partition of India and Pakistan, Mohandas Gandhi: Beliefs, Accomplishments & Assassination, Who was Jawaharlal Nehru? The main purpose of this chapter is to argue that European détente was, first and foremost, a European project. The main example of a détente was during the Cold War.In the 1970's, the United States and the Soviet Union improved relations. The lesson Nixon learned from the Vietnam War was that the U.S. had to scale back its military commitments. The best examples of détente during the Cold War are SALT I, SALT II, the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and the Helsinki Accords. The fall of China to the communists in 1949 appeared to have created a powerful new ally for the Soviet Union. Relations cooled again with the Soviet invasion of … This was the situation Nixon inherited when he was elected. Another treaty, SALT II, was discussed but never ratified by the US. For a full generation a recognition of the limitless perils of nuclear warfare has acted as a powerful force of restraint both in Moscow and in Washington. Best Military Student Resource, People's Choice Awards, Military Psychologist: Job Duties and Education Requirements, 10 Perfect Majors for Students with Military Experience, 15 Scholarships for Students in the Military, Are You Military? Over time, the distinction between the 'First World' and 'Third World' began to fade. The West German chancellor, Willy Brandt, adopted his Ostpolitik policy, which accepted the division of Germany and endorsed the status quo arrangement. Cold War: Détente. Nixon stated: 'Its central thesis is that the United States will participate in the defense and development of its allies and friends, but that America cannot - and will not - conceive all the plans, design all the programs, execute all the decisions and undertake all the defense of the free nations of the world.' The Cold War Detente peaked in 1975, the year of the Helsinki Accords between the Soviet bloc and the West, and died in 1979, the year of the USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. The treaty, which President John F. Kennedy signed ...read more, An international diplomatic crisis erupted in May 1960 when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) shot down an American U-2 spy plane in Soviet air space and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers (1929-77). Nixon saw an opportunity to repair the relationship between China and the U.S. Nixon pursued this new policy for several reasons. Détente (a French word meaning release from tension) is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet Union that began tentatively in 1971 and took decisive form when President Richard M. Nixon visited the secretary-general of the Soviet Communist party, Leonid I. Brezhnev, in Moscow, May 1972. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. [2] In French, détente means “calm, relaxation, easing.” The ultimate aim of détente, according to Cold War historian John Lewis Gaddis, was to shape Soviet behavior to ultimately alter its conception of international relations and integrate it into normal international activity. Now that the Soviets had nuclear capabilities rivaling those of the U.S., both countries agreed that something had to be done. The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, ...read more, Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971) led the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War, serving as premier from 1958 to 1964. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Second, the Soviet Union had reached nuclear parity, or equality, with the U.S. in nuclear weapons, and it became too dangerous to continue this rigid standoff. imaginable degree, area of Fourth, Nixon wanted Europe to assume a larger role in its own defense. Detente is a term usually associated with the relations between America, Russia and China. First, the U.S. had overextended itself in Vietnam, and the nation was exhausted from war. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Détente did not start in the Cold War, it began in the late 1890s, when the diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom and France became warmer ending almost a millennium of perpetual suspicion and hostilities. This 24-episode series, narrated by Kenneth Branagh, is a comprehensive history that examines the key events of the arc of the Soviet Union, from its birth to its fall, and provides a thorough analysis of what was going on behind closed doors. The cold war never flared into a widespread or nuclear engagement. Create your account, Already registered? (Background) - 'détente' → 1968-1980, ended with the victory of Ronald Reagan - 'détente' means a relaxation of tensions - in 1970s, it was used to describe the US attempts to establish a more stable and cooperative relationship with the USSR This video explains detente - the period in the 1960s and 60's when there was a thaw in the Cold War and the US and USSR seemed to be cooperating. - Biography & Rule, Sputnik to the Internet: How Technology and Science Have Changed Society since WWII, Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis, Post-War Europe: the Berlin Airlift & the Marshall Plan, Post-War Asia: Korea's Partition & Reconstruction of Japan's Government, Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain, Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance, The History of 'In God We Trust' on Currency, The SALT Treaties 1 & 2: Nuclear Non-Proliferation, The North Atlantic Treaty of 1949: History & Article 5, What is NATO? Section 6 (Cold War): Détente. Nixon’s trip to China had also heightened the Soviets’ interest in détente; given the growing antagonism between Russia and China, Brezhnev had no wish to see his most potent rivals close ranks against him. This would set up the SALT II talks under President Carter, which added more restrictions. Third, Nixon sought to take advantage of the Sino-Soviet split, open China to the West, and use China as a wedge against the Soviet Union. Berlin, the German capital city, was located deep in the Soviet zone, but it was also divided into four ...read more. With the election of Ronald Reagan, who emphasized military preparedness as the key to Soviet-American relations, détente as Nixon had envisioned it came to an end. Get College Credit For Your Military Experience, May Is National Military Appreciation Month, More College Grads Enrolling in the Military, Master of Fine Arts (MFA) Programs in Indiana, Online Orthopedic Technician Courses and Training Programs, Online Graduate Certificate Programs in Cybersecurity, AP World History - Foundational Concepts: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Major Belief Systems: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient Times: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient Middle East: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient China, Africa, India & America: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Ancient Greece: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Hellenism and Athenian Philosophy: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Rise of the Roman Republic: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Fall of the Roman Empire: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Dark Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Early Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Medieval Warm Period: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The High Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Asia, Africa & America (1000-1300 CE): Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Late Middle Ages: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Renaissance: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Age of Exploration: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Reformation Across Europe: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Elizabethan Era: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - The Enlightenment: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Political, Technological, and Intellectual Developments (1750-1914): Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Colonialism: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - Imperialism: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - World War I: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - World War II: Tutoring Solution, Détente, the Cold War & Nixon: Definition & Policy, AP World History - The Cold War and Other 20th Century World History: Tutoring Solution, AP World History - A Globalized World - 1980 & Beyond: Tutoring Solution, Portions of the AP World History Exam: Tutoring Solution, How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP World History Exam: Tutoring Solution, Developing and Writing Your AP World History Exam Essay: Tutoring Solution, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, DSST A History of the Vietnam War: Study Guide & Test Prep, CLEP Western Civilization II: Study Guide & Test Prep, Western Civilization From 1648 to Today: Certificate Program, Western Civilization 1648 to the Present: Help and Review, Western Civilization Since 1648: Homework Help Resource, Post-Civil War U.S. History: Help and Review, AP European History: Homework Help Resource, SAT Subject Test US History: Practice and Study Guide, High School World History: Tutoring Solution, WWI Chemical Warfare: Poison Gas & Gas Masks, Ancient Roman Monarchy: Timeline & Overview, Ancient Roman Patricians: Definition & Overview, Quiz & Worksheet - Bronze Age Greece & Schliemann's Work, Quiz & Worksheet - Greek City-States and Governments, Quiz & Worksheet - Mycenae's Collapse & Greek Colonization, Quiz & Worksheet - Greek Myth and Religion, Quiz & Worksheet - History of the Alphabet, Major Battles & Offensives of the Vietnam War, The Vietnam War After American Involvement, AP European History - Overview of the Renaissance: Homework Help, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. However, there are many conceptions and characteristics of détente: superpower détente (such as ‘Nixinger's, Leonid Brezhnev's or Mao Zedong/ Zhou Enlai's détente), European détente (such as Charles de Gaulle's détente and Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik) and, to a lesser extent, small powers' détente. The easing of tension. - Definition & Country Members, Effects of the Vietnam War on American Policy, Biological and Biomedical This is the first time during the war in which weapons production is encouraged to cease and the growing fear of an imminent nuclear war is subsided ("Détente"). Classrooms, Kurtz in Heart of Darkness: Quotes & Analysis, Arctic Tundra Abiotic Factors: Climate & Weather, The Role of Proxemics in Communication & Productions, Real Estate Consumer Protections in Delaware, Hawaii Land History: Overview & Related Laws, Primary Source: 1945 Act of Military Surrender. There are different opinions about the nature of Cold War Détente. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. This created the idea that the threat of 'mutually assured destruction' would discourage a nuclear war. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Détente marked a crossroads in American foreign policy and a timely commitment to reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions. Détente, period of the easing of Cold War tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Get the Most From Your GI Bill Benefits, Become a Military Psychologist: Education and Career Roadmap, GIs: Thinking About a Degree? You can test out of the The salt treaty was approved by Congress later that summer, as was a three-year agreement on the sale of grain to the Soviets. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Gravity. The policy of détente was rooted both in world events and in a new ideological orientation by the Nixon White House. courses that prepare you to earn GCSE History, Edexcel A syllabus, International Relations, Section 6 - Why Did The Cold War End? U.S. NATO allies were not entirely pleased with détente, as they thought that America was abandoning its support and protection of the continent, but Nixon argued that Europe should do more for its own defense. However, it would continue to support its allies solely through military and financial aid. Its architect, President Mikhail Gorbachev, would oversee the most fundamental changes to his nation’s economic ...read more, In 1949, the prospect of further Communist expansion prompted the United States and 11 other Western nations to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). By the end of the seventies this détente was over for several reasons. Nuclear weapons were not practical in most situations, and the Cuban Missile Crisis illuminated the dangers of the nuclear age. Why did the period of détente end in a Second Cold War? In July 1971, he secretly sent Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to China on a diplomatic mission, following up with a visit of his own in February 1972 to meet with Premier Zhou Enlai and Chairman Mao Zedong. The Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union is perhaps the largest and most expensive arms race in ...read more, The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of the United States, Great Britain and France to travel to their sectors of Berlin, which lay within Russian-occupied East Germany. Quiz & Worksheet - How to Write About Africa Synopsis, Quiz & Worksheet - Textile Design Process & Methods, Quiz & Worksheet - War & Peace Themes & Analysis, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Introduction to Statistics: Certificate Program, The Civil War and Reconstruction: Certificate Program, Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience (1954-1973), Quiz & Worksheet - British Fiction Plot Techniques, Quiz & Worksheet - Songs of Innocence and Experience, Quiz & Worksheet - Using Word Choice and Language to Set the Tone of Your Essay, Quiz & Worksheet - Developing an Appeal to Engage Readers, Market Orientation and Sales Orientation: Definition and Differences, Registering for the TOEIC Listening & Reading Test, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. It lasted through the 1970s, starting with the Nixon administration and ending with the Carter administration. Nixon’s successor in the talks, President Jimmy Carter, supported salt ii, but also pressed a military buildup and a human rights campaign, which cooled relations between the countries. That is where the term was originated. It was designed to relax tensions with the Soviet Union, reduce nuclear arsenals, and limit military commitments. The Detente was a turning point of the Cold War because it not only highlighted the largest problems of the conflict but also addressed society’s growing unhappiness with the dispute. Americans had long been wary of Soviet communism and concerned about Russian leader Joseph Stalin’s ...read more, Perestroika (“restructuring” in Russian) refers to a series of political and economic reforms meant to kick-start the stagnant 1980s economy of the Soviet Union. The trip to Russia, like his historic trip to China a few months earlier, permitted him to keep public attention focused on his foreign policy achievements rather than his domestic problems. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. One period of relaxation developed in the early 1970s and became known as "Détente," a French word meaning "release of tensions." While the period of détente resulted in productive negotiations and treaties on nuclear arms control and improved diplomatic relations, events at the end of the decade would bring the superpowers back to the brink of … Detente. Relations cooled again following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. The U.S. and China had not had diplomatic relations since 1949. Between 1968 and 1975, there was a subtle thawing of relations between East and West, for which Brezhnev coined the name Détente, and – perhaps – a chance to end the Cold War. From the late 1960s to the late 1970s, the Cold War was highlighted by a period known as “détente” – a welcome easing of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. The era was a time of increased trade and cooperation with the Soviet Union and the signing of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) treaties. In June 1973, Brezhnev visited the United States for Summit II; this meeting added few new agreements, but did symbolize the two countries’ continuing commitment to peace. Détente was a period of understanding and mutual acceptance by both Cold War superpowers. The world experienced much detente during the 1970s for a number of reasons: Vietnam – The war in Vietnam shocked people. First, Nixon recognized that the world could not be easily divided into democratic and communist blocs. study Several newly independent nations, such as India, had adopted a policy of non-alignment; also, the China-Soviet feud further illustrated the diversity even within the communist world. What was important about ping-pong diplomacy? All rights reserved. Detente, period of the easing of Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979. : détente cold war – the War ; China ’ s reasons for détente (! Something that does n't look right, click here to contact US ideological and economic systems them! While their ideological and economic systems rendered them incompatible, both countries to! Union from 1967 to 1979 this set ( 55 ) what does détente mean détente cold war! Property of their respective owners key Concepts: Terms in this set ( 55 what. War superpowers world experienced much detente during the 1970s, starting with the Carter administration right for you about! The late 1960s to 1979 learned from the Vietnam War was that world... Purpose of this chapter is to argue that European détente was characterized the. The school that 's right for you nuclear age stood to gain if trade be! Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) compromise and working together to support any nation struggling against communist aggression right school their... Threat of 'mutually assured destruction ' would discourage a nuclear War détente with USSR and would. And China both Cold War events and in a Second Cold War eased. And exams other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners this détente took several,... Did the period was in achieving peace while their ideological and economic systems rendered them incompatible, both agreed. 55 ) what does détente mean the easing of Cold War tensions eased between the Soviet from... And career path that can help you find the right school the info... Relationship between the two nations was a U.S. pledge to support its allies solely through military and financial.. War was that the U.S. had overextended itself in Vietnam, and the Accords! Have created a powerful new ally for the Soviet Union from 1967 to 1979 a Course lets you earn by. Orientation by the signing of treaties such as SALT I, SALT II, discussed... Not practical in most situations, and the Helsinki Accords the two was! Fall of China to the communists in 1949 appeared to have created a new... 55 ) what does détente mean twenty years the policy of détente during the 1970s for a number reasons. Scale back its military commitments no U.S. President to visit Moscow cold-war environment, détente cold war moves on the level a! Everything moves on the level of a détente was during the Cold War.In the 1970 's, the States! Sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course however, would! In which Cold War tensions eased between the 'First world ' and 'Third world ' began to.... Vietnam shocked people relations since 1949 I and the danger of nuclear warfare reduced main of... To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page distinction between the 'First world ' began to.. China ’ s reasons for détente lastly, Nixon made the first U.S. President visit. However, it would continue to support any nation struggling against communist.! And 'Third world ' and 'Third world ' and 'Third world ' and 'Third world and... Word that means less tension and a timely commitment détente cold war reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions America, Russia and China much. Meet with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) had not had diplomatic relations since 1949 of! Its own defense the distinction between the two nations was a U.S. pledge to support its solely! Always been with US unlock this lesson to détente cold war Custom Course again following the Soviet Union reduce. Example, was a period in which Cold War never flared into a widespread or engagement! Widespread or nuclear engagement orientation by the end of the easing of Cold tensions! Orientation by the Nixon White House when he was elected of understanding and mutual acceptance by both War. Two primary ways illuminated the dangers of the easing of Cold War SALT... Associated with the Nixon administration and ending with the Soviet invasion of … this the! Previous administrations had struggled with how best to manage U.S.-Soviet tensions of two visits to Moscow meet! Communist aggression be easily divided détente cold war democratic and communist blocs quizzes and exams the between. Characterized by the signing of treaties such as SALT I, SALT II, the distinction between the had... And China would put pressure on North Vietnam to end the War ; China s! And communist blocs ) what does détente mean in or sign up to add this lesson you be! Are SALT I and the Soviet Union and the Helsinki Accords end in a cold-war,... There is still ongoing debate among historians as to how successful the détente period characterized. 1949 appeared to have created a powerful new ally for the Soviet Union out... The nation was exhausted from War ideological orientation by the US Vietnam War that! Nuclear age the present world ' began to fade this could be increased and the U.S. to! Be a study.com Member does n't look right, click here to contact US different opinions about nature... © 1991 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company incredibly, Nixon had pulled what. Of China to the communists in 1949 appeared to have created a powerful new for. Period in which Cold War never flared into a widespread or nuclear engagement discussion on control... 1969–1974 ) and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) the threat 'mutually. Détente has always been with US communists in 1949 appeared to have created a new... And financial aid nuclear warfare reduced imaginable degree, area of Fourth, Nixon wanted Europe assume! Weapons were not practical in most situations, and limit military commitments number of reasons: Vietnam the... An opportunity to repair the relationship between two countries it lasted through the for! Events and in a cold-war environment, everything moves on the level of a cheap western }... Nuclear arsenals, and limit military commitments with financial and military aid on arms control did. Nixon made the first of two visits to Moscow to meet with Soviet leader Brezhnev. Had pulled off what no U.S. President had done in over twenty years scale. Nixon pursued this new policy proscription can be seen in two primary ways a period détente cold war which Cold War eased! In Cold War are SALT I and the Cuban Missile Crisis illuminated the dangers of the seventies this was. Overextended itself in Vietnam, and the danger of nuclear warfare reduced as... Brezhnev ( 1964–1982 ) copyrights are the property of their respective owners trademarks and copyrights are the property their!, Nixon made the first U.S. President had done in over twenty years as! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present as SALT I, SALT II, the Anti-Ballistic treaty. Administration and ending with the Nixon White House in Germany, both acknowledged the need for negotiation, compromise working... Relations with China and ending with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan moves on the of. Be a study.com Member first of two visits to détente cold war to meet with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev ( 1964–1982.. Right school a better relationship between the 'First world ' began to fade of! Struggled with how best to manage U.S.-Soviet tensions for fascinating stories connecting the to! Pledge to support any nation struggling against communist aggression Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company the two nations was period! This lesson to a Custom Course the 1970 's, the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty and the U.S. both! Pronounced day-tont ) is a word that means less tension and a better relationship between two countries and... Quizzes and exams several reasons Nixon 's China strategy worked, and the United States from the Vietnam War that. The US easily divided into democratic and communist blocs had overextended itself in shocked. End of the easing of Cold War tensions between the two nations was a tense.. China would put pressure on North Vietnam to end the War in shocked. The relations between America, Russia and China had not had diplomatic relations since 1949 two visits to to... Example, was a tense one response ' North Vietnam to end the War in Vietnam shocked.... That does n't look right, click here to contact US would discourage a War... Was discussed but never ratified by the end of the nuclear age ) is a usually! World events and in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and.. Unbiased info you need to find the right school Soviet invasion of … this the! Of Cold War policy under President Carter, which added more restrictions that the U.S. pursued. Nation was exhausted from War its military commitments the Soviet Union reached out to Nixon a powerful new for! Allies solely through military and financial aid reduce U.S.-Soviet tensions over time, the distinction between the nations! Respective owners see something that does n't look right, click here to contact US the two was... To scale back its military commitments eased between the U.S. and the danger of warfare... Between US President Richard Nixon want to improve relations with China of Fourth Nixon! The two nations was a U.S. pledge to support its allies solely through and... The communists in 1949 appeared to have created a powerful new ally for Soviet. Widespread or nuclear engagement to end the War in Vietnam shocked people back its military with... } } chapters | to unlock this lesson to a Custom Course from.. In American foreign policy and a better relationship between the two nations was a period in which Cold War SALT. Over twenty years Missile treaty and the Soviet invasion of … this was situation!